- 1 Benefits of low-growing tomatoes
- 2 How to care for stunted tomatoes
- 3 Choosing the best variety
- 4 Conclusion
Tomatoes take their rightful place in the list of the most favorite vegetables. Gardeners grow tomatoes with different ripening periods. This technique is known to everyone who wants to feast on delicious fruits all season. The varietal base of tomatoes is so extensive that many names are known only to true fans of this plant. Medium-late and late varieties are in great demand. They perfectly tolerate the summer heat, the harvest is well stored, in the harvesting the fruits are distinguished by their strength and excellent taste. At the present time, a lot of new types of low-growing tomatoes have appeared - very promising, tasty, high-yielding.
Before deciding on any type of tomato, you should familiarize yourself with the important criteria for choosing a variety. Be sure to pay attention to:
- Matching the variety to the region... The importance of this parameter can hardly be overestimated. After all, only tomatoes that are well suited to climatic and light conditions will fully meet your requirements.
- Soil requirements... Also a necessary parameter, a frivolous attitude towards which makes caring for late tomatoes more problematic. In this case, the introduction of additional substances and constant monitoring of the condition of the soil will be required.
- Yield... An important factor for owners of small plots. You can get a decent result in small areas by growing suitable high-yielding tomato varieties. Preference should be given to hybrids with a high yield. Such late tomatoes will tolerate temperature extremes, lack of lighting and watering well.
- Plant disease resistance.
- Purpose of variety and taste of tomatoes... It is not always possible to use salad tomatoes for other purposes with great efficiency. Therefore, you need to choose tomatoes that meet the request. Taste is also important. Some people prefer sweet tomatoes, others like fruits with a slight sourness.
Ripening time, height and type of bush are very important characteristics. In this article, we will pay attention to medium and late-ripening varieties of low-growing tomatoes.
Benefits of low-growing tomatoes
In the group of tomatoes, undersized varieties are in the lead. This fact can be easily explained by considering the advantages of such types:
- The bush of undersized tomatoes is standard. When growing, gardeners get rid of the need for a mandatory garter and plant formation.
- Unpretentiousness to growing conditions.
- The small height of the bush makes the care more comfortable and convenient.
- A large selection of varieties with different shapes and colors of fruits.
- A small number of stepsons or their complete absence.
- Friendly fruiting - makes it possible to harvest compactly.
- The need for a small area of soil for planting.
- Possibility of growing tomatoes in a seedless way.
In addition, late-ripening undersized tomatoes are stored for a long time after ripening. Many farmers prefer hybrid species. Low-growing tomato varieties are grown both outdoors and under cover. The greenhouse makes it possible to harvest late-ripening varieties even in regions with cold climates and short summers.
How to care for stunted tomatoes
Small tomatoes are chosen by those gardeners who do not always have time to give them enough attention.This may be due to the specifics of the profession, age or other circumstances. Breeders come to the rescue, thanks to whom it is now possible to get up to 6 kg of fruits from one bush of a low-growing tomato. Novice gardeners also strive to master the cultivation of low-growing varieties first. However, one should not assume that such species do not require any maintenance.
Let us dwell on the main points of agricultural technology of late-ripening undersized tomatoes.
It is important to stick to growing seedlings with your own hands from seeds purchased from specialized stores.
And this applies not only to early but also late varieties. Tomatoes simply do not have time to ripen and fall under the influence of the ubiquitous phytophthora. In the case of a large spread of this disease in the region, select a medium late variety of undersized tomatoes... This will help you harvest your crops faster and in full.
Before planting in the ground, seedlings should have up to 9 leaves, a sprout height of no more than 30 cm and a well-developed inflorescence. Low-growing tomatoes are planted according to the 50x40 scheme.
With a greater thickening of the plantings, the bushes are shaded, the fruits are crushed and the threat of tomato disease with late blight increases. At first, it is recommended to cover weak sprouts. A small trellis structure along the beds helps very well, on which a film or spunbond is thrown. As soon as the temperature reaches the desired level and becomes stable, the film is removed. Spunbond can be left on for a while if the nights are cold.
The seedless method also has its advantages. Firstly, it saves time and effort, which are necessary for growing seedlings. Secondly, it does not require additional equipment. In early April, the seeds are sown in the ground, covered with a double layer of film or spunbond. Late-ripening varieties sown 10-14 days later. With this method of sowing, the seedlings quickly catch up with those grown in the room. The quality of the seedlings will be much better - these tomatoes are always stronger and healthier. The only operation that will have to be done is thinning. After removing the shelter, caring for tomatoes is no different from the classic. The disadvantage of this method is that fruiting will begin later by 2-3 weeks. To reduce this inconvenience, gardeners combine both types of growing undersized tomatoes.
If necessary shape and pinch bushes of undersized tomatoes? Experienced gardeners always stepchild tomato plants in order to prevent excessive shading, the development of diseases and rot. Especially during cold and rainy summers. For the same reason, many tie up undersized varieties. Tied bushes are easier to care for, the plants are well ventilated and illuminated by the sun, the fruits do not touch the ground and remain clean.
Another technique that helps to get a high-quality harvest of low-growing tomatoes is mulching. Straw, pine needles, cut grass are used.
The mulch is laid in a thick layer on damp ground, leaving an open area of the root collar of the plant. This prevents the stem from rotting.
They try to process low-growing tomatoes using safe folk remedies. Poisons are used in extreme cases.
Choosing the best variety
Early ripe undersized tomatoes
All gardeners are planted, except for lovers of high varieties. However, many are interested in the later harvest date. Consider mid-late views.
Medium late excellent variety with medium-sized fruits, sweetish taste and firm flesh. It is highly appreciated by tomato lovers for its high yield and unpretentiousness. Grows well in any soil and even in indoor pots. The harvest begins after 120 days.
- Bush... Compact, moderately leafy. Mature plants reach a height of 70 cm.Does not require shaping and pinning, as well as garters. It can only be done for aesthetic purposes.
- Fruit... Average size, weight about 115 g. According to reviews, they have a pleasant aroma, fleshy and tasty. There are few seeds in a tomato, the pulp is quite dense and juicy. The shape resembles a plum fruit, the tomato is perfectly preserved during transportation and storage, does not crack. The beauty of tomatoes is the reason that they are consumed in the same way both fresh and in preparations.
The popularity of the variety of low-growing tomatoes has provided its advantages:
- Unpretentiousness to care. Small mistakes in agricultural technology do not affect the development and fruiting of the tomato.
- Excellent storage capacity. The fruit is good ripen even after harvest from the garden.
- Long and abundant fruiting.
- Disease and drought resistance.
The average juiciness of tomatoes is considered a small drawback, but it is compensated by the wonderful taste of the fruit.
The variety is grown by seedlings and direct sowing into the ground. The modern undersized tomato "Rio Grande" has a lot of improved properties compared to its predecessor.
Medium late quality variety of low growing tomatoes. The fruits are ready to harvest in 135 days. It is very appreciated among amateurs for its compactness and small size of the bush, which allows it to be grown at home and on the balcony. An adult plant has a height of no more than 50 cm. It grows well in any kind of soil, the variety is resistant to fungal and other common diseases of tomatoes.
Fruits are round, small in size (up to 120 g). It perfectly tolerates transportation and storage even in cool rooms. It grows better in the open field of the southern regions. In cool climates, for a good harvest, it is recommended to plant it indoors. With proper care, the yield from one bush reaches up to 4.5 kg. The fruits are very beautiful, suitable for all types of harvesting and conservation. The main advantages of medium late tomatoes "Titan":
- good productivity, stable fruiting;
- plant resistance to diseases;
- the possibility of growing in a very small area;
- excellent marketability and taste;
- ability to withstand moisture deficit.
Among the disadvantages, tomato lovers consider:
- negative reaction to a sharp drop in temperature;
- demanding nutrition at the beginning of growth;
- late ripening of fruits for cool regions.
In order for mid-late Titan tomatoes to please with a good harvest, you need to know the nuances of the cultivar's agricultural technology. There are always so many fruits on the branches that the plant has to be tied up. The barrel may not be able to withstand a heavy load. During the period of active growth, it requires additional feeding. The most important for tomato are phosphorus and potassium. With increased humidity, the susceptibility to late blight increases. By changing the conditions, you can achieve the disappearance of the disease. A good result is obtained by treatment with "Fitosporin". If on the territory of the site there are beds with potatoes nearby, then the Colorado potato beetle will also visit the tomatoes. Therefore, you should immediately take preventive measures.
Late representatives of low-growing tomatoes
There are undersized and late tomatoes. Such varieties are sensitive to low temperatures, so they give a good harvest without shelter in warm regions. Such late tomatoes are grown in seedlings in order to shorten the growing season in the open field. Among the most popular types it is worth noting:
A worthy representative of late-ripening tomatoes with a small height. The crop is harvested after 130 days. The bush is slightly leafy, grows up to 70 cm. The compactness of the plant allows growing the variety in small areas. Fruits of excellent taste, rich red color. The pulp is juicy, the skin is of good density, which prevents the tomatoes from cracking. The mass of one tomato is quite small - 90 g, but the even rounded shape makes the variety very attractive.
Good parameters of the Finish tomato are:
- the possibility of landing in various soil;
- the ability to resist verticillosis;
- stable yield;
- good transportability and keeping quality;
- nutritional value.
Seedlings of late-ripening Finish tomatoes are planted according to the 50x40 scheme in open ground, maintaining a planting density of no more than 8 plants per square meter of area. In the future, the plants require the usual care - watering, loosening, weeding, fertilizing with mineral compounds.
A very famous late tomato variety. Most often grown in greenhouses, where it grows to a large size. And when planted in open ground, the height of the bush does not exceed 70 cm. The advantage of the variety is its extended fruiting, which allows you to get a harvest for a long time.
The open-air yield is over 5 kg of excellent-tasting tomatoes. In addition, large fruits are very beautiful in appearance. The pink color and heart shape make the variety very attractive. Among the original fruits, there are also representatives with the usual rounded shape. The weight of one tomato can reach 300 g, which is very much appreciated in the preparation of salads.
"Abakan pink" gained its fame for its good immunity. It is rarely affected by diseases, so it is not worth treating it with chemicals. If you happen to notice signs of illness, try folk remedies. Be sure to monitor the appearance of Colorado beetles. They can harm tomatoes in the fall. During this period, they are attracted by unripe fruits due to the lack of other food.
An excellent determinant, standard grade. It has not only a compact bush, but also a root system. After 130 days from the moment the seedlings are planted, the fruits are ready for use. The height of the bush does not exceed 65 cm. The fruits are red, slightly elongated, small, sweetish. The weight of one tomato ranges from 40 to 60 g. Advantages of the late-ripening "Raketa":
Perfectly tolerates transportation. This characteristic is appreciated by farmers.
Stable yield. Subject to the basic care requirements, up to 2 kg of fruits are harvested from each bush. With a planting density of 5 plants per square meter, we get up to 10 kg from the same area.
Short stature. Allows you to plant a late-ripening tomato even on the balcony and in greenhouses.
Good resistance to any kind of tomato rot.
The possibility of mechanical harvesting of fruits.
If we analyze the qualitative characteristics of this variety, then the combination of short stature and yield should be noted as a feature of the "Raketa".
Some gardeners prefer to plant tomatoes indoors. Besides tall tomatoes, varieties with small bushes are often grown in the greenhouse. At the same time, it is important not to plant these two species next to each other, so that tall plants do not shade smaller counterparts.
Among low-growing tomatoes, a group is separately distinguished, in which plants with a very low bush height are collected. This is the so-called dwarf variety. Such tomatoes grow no higher than 60 cm in adulthood. Most of the dwarf species are early-ripening tomatoes. They are grown not only in the open field, in the greenhouse, but also on the balcony, in pots or in small containers. Another great advantage of dwarf tomatoes is that they don't need to be pinned. Among the dwarfs, it is worth noting the mid-late varieties, which have earned the recognition of gardeners. Varieties such as Sweet Sue, Wild Fred.
Bred by American breeders. They are unpretentious to growing conditions, tolerate climatic fluctuations and lack of watering well. Suitable for growing at home, the height of the bush does not exceed 60 cm, the average yield is up to 4.5 kg per bush.
Late-ripening tomatoes are usually grown by bold gardeners.Such varieties yield much higher yields than others, have excellent storage capacity, are resistant to common tomato infections and are very tasty. Many surpass the most popular early varieties in this parameter. Even small frosts, some varieties tolerate perfectly. Low-growing late-ripening varieties save summer residents from the constant construction of supporting devices. The only drawback of late-ripening tomatoes is the possibility of dry rot infection. This is due to the late harvest time and increased humidity during this period.
So that this problem worries as little as possible, seedlings should be planted earlier than the recommended time. Best of all, early or mid-May. It is necessary to calculate the time of sowing the seeds so that by this time the plants are large enough. As soon as you try to grow late low-growing varieties of tomatoes on the site, they will become your constant favorites.