- 1 Features of the use of Bicillin for cows and calves
- 2 Composition and form of release
- 3 Pharmacological properties
- 4 Indications for use
- 5 Contraindications
- 6 Method of administration and doses for cattle
- 7 Side effects
- 8 Interaction with other medicinal products
- 9 Shelf life and storage conditions
- 10 Conclusion
Cattle are often sick, because most viral infections are transmitted through the air. Bicillin for cattle (Bicillin) is a bactericidal antibiotic that prevents the appearance of peptide bonds, stops chemical reactions involving peptidoglycan of the cell wall at early, late stages.
Features of the use of Bicillin for cows and calves
A tasteless, odorless crystalline powder of white or light yellow color is used for the preparation of injection solutions. Bicillin for cattle is bred immediately before the injection according to the manufacturer's instructions. To create a solution, use:
- saline, aka sodium chloride solution;
- sterile water for injection.
Composition and form of release
Manufacturers supply bicillin for cattle in convenient glass bottles with a total capacity of 10 ml. The biological activity of the drug is determined in terms of the action of the active substance. It is equal to 1307 U / mg. On the bottle of the drug "Bicillin" you can read the release date, active ingredients, manufacturer's name.
The substance is practically insoluble in water, loses its activity when exposed to:
- acids or substances containing their components;
- oxidizing agents;
- alkaline solutions;
- the enzyme penicillin.
- Bitsillin-1 - in the composition of benzathine benzylpenicillin. Bottles of powder 300, 600, 1200 thousand units of 10 and 20 ml. Flavourless white powder, taste, prone to clumping during long-term storage. Forms a stable suspension with water, saline.
- Bitsillin-3 - in the composition of benzathine benzylpenicillin, benzylpenicillin novocaine salt, benzylpenicillin sodium. Bottles of powder 300, 600, 900, 1200 thousand units of 10 ml. Powder of white or light yellow color, prone to churning into lumps during long-term storage, which turns into a milky suspension when liquid is added.
- Bitsillin-5 - in the composition of benzathine benzylpenicillin, benzylpenicillin novocaine salt. Vials of the substance are 1500 thousand units, 10 ml each. White powder, can form lumps during long-term storage, does not smell, has a bitter taste. When water is added, the saline solution forms a turbid homogeneous suspension.
A natural antibiotic of the penicillin group for cattle actively prevents the growth, spread, reproduction of gram-positive microorganisms:
- Staphylococcus spp., Other than those producing penicillinase
- Streptococcus spp. Including Streptococcus pneumoniae;
- anthrax sticks;
- Corynebacterium diphtheriae;
- Bacillus anthracis.
Bicillin for cattle has increased bactericidal properties and antibacterial action, prevents the reproduction of some gram-negative microbes:
- Neisseria gonorrhoeae;
- Neisseria meningitidis;
- Actinomyces israelii;
- Treponema spp .;
- anaerobic spore-forming rods.
Bitsillin-1 for cattle it is gradually absorbed into the body, due to which it enters the blood for a long time, begins to act after 4 hours.The maximum concentration reaches after 12 - 24 hours.
Bitsillin-3 for cattle it slowly hydrolyzes. With a single injection, the concentration in the blood, sufficient for treatment, remains for 6 - 7 days.
Bitsilin-5 for cattle it is the most effective in the fight against serious diseases. Reaches maximum concentration in an hour. The required level of penicillin is observed in the body 28 days after the first injection of bicillin in cattle. The components of the drug penetrate into milk, therefore it is not recommended to use it for food purposes.
Indications for use
Bicillin for cattle is used for the treatment and prevention of many diseases caused by microorganisms sensitive to penicillin. Among them:
- inflammation of the ovaries, oviducts;
- wound infection;
- urinary tract infection;
- emphysematous carbuncle;
- streptococcal septicemia.
The effectiveness of bicillin for cattle depends on the dosage that a specialist should select. It determines the number of units injected, the frequency of injections. If cattle does not have individual sensitivity to the components, then bicillin injections begin with a double dose, which is considered a shock dose.
The course of treatment is 7 days. For severe illnesses, the veterinarian may prescribe a 14-day dose of the drug. Bicillin for cattle can be used as a powder for disinfecting external wounds, accelerating their healing.
Bicillin is not allowed to be administered to cattle with hypersensitivity to drugs of the penicillin group. This can cause unwanted side effects. Veterinarians do not recommend the substance to animals that do not tolerate novocaine.
Method of administration and doses for cattle
Bicillin is injected only intramuscularly, inserting the needle to a great depth. The solution is prepared before injection according to the manufacturer's instructions. Bicillin-5 is administered to a cow to create a high level of concentration of penicillin in the body for a long time.
For adult animals, a single dosage is calculated by the formula: 10 thousand units per kilogram of weight. This makes it possible to raise the concentration of penicillin in the blood to 4 μg / ml, which slowly drops to 0.09 μg / ml during the day.
The dose of Bicillin-3 for cattle - 100 thousand units per kilogram of weight raises the level of the active substance in the blood to 3.8 μg / ml, gradually decreasing to 0.12 μg / ml during the day. Studies have shown that penicillin remains in the proportion of 0.12 - 0.06 μg / ml for another 4 - 5 days.
Bicillin-5 calves are injected with 15 thousand units for each kilogram of weight. The antibiotic is powerful enough, penetrates into all organs. Analyzes showed the presence of bicillin components in the lungs, muscles, blood of cattle. For adults, the dosage is calculated using a standard formula.
Bicillin of cattle is well received, but there are exceptions. The introduction of the drug can cause the appearance of:
If these reactions appear after a bicillin injection of cattle, you should contact your veterinarian. The most dangerous side effect is considered to be an allergic reaction. To protect cattle, the first time you administer Bicillin, you should have enough antihistamines in stock.
Interaction with other medicinal products
There was no evidence of a decrease in the activity of other drugs, an increase in side effects from them. Bicillin does not affect digestion, lactation, heart function of cattle. It is allowed to combine the drug with globulins, streptomycin, specific sera and sulfa drugs.It is not recommended to combine with antibiotics based on chloramphenicol or tetracycline.
You can kill cattle for meat no earlier than 14 days have passed since the last injection of bicillin. If it was necessary to hack to death before this period, then people cannot be given meat for food, only carnivores. Milk from cattle during the period of use of the drug and 10 days after can not be consumed, but it can be given to mammals, having previously carried out heat treatment.
Shelf life and storage conditions
Bicillin for cattle is hidden away from children and animals. Store the drug with great care, according to list B. The bottle must be sealed by the manufacturer, open containers must be thrown away immediately. The storage area must be dry, free from ultraviolet rays. The recommended temperature is from +10 to +20 degrees. The shelf life is counted from the date of manufacture and is 3 years.
Bicillin for cattle has an antibacterial effect in the benzylpenicillin salt, they suppress the synthesis of microbial cells. Animals tolerate the drug well, with the exception of those who have individual intolerance to the components. The dosage of the drug, the number of repetitions and the duration of the injections are determined by the veterinarian.